Orbe identified 26 different ways that members of muted groups can use to face the structures and messages imposed by dominant groups. He finds out that there have been few studies around third party by and even though third party candidates are involved in public campaign debates, they remain inarticulate and ignored due to the judgment by "standard of the political rhetoric and worldview of the major parties".
In Muted groups in health communication policy and practice: Ramirez-Sanchez examines the possibility of applying co-cultural theory to co-cultural groups that are marginalized in a larger co-cultural context and to "offer a The muted group theory cultural context to which co-cultural theory can be applied and generate questions that could serve to enrich the analytical scope of co-cultural theory and its implications".
Like language, the legal system has thus been created, defined, and interpreted mostly by men. Organizations still appear to be male dominated. Many women have a hard time when faced with harassment in a male dominated workplace because they are "the The muted group theory minority".
The second assumption is that men politically control The muted group theory. An inductive approach to studying "non-dominant" communication strategies and the factors that influence them"Orbe has published two works describing the theory and its use as well as several studies on communication patterns and strategies based on different co-cultural groups.
These experiences are as a result of them performing different tasks from what their male counterparts do. Moreover, The Muted Group Theory depends on three assumptions. Kramerae believes that communication between men and women is not on an even level. The main point of organizational communication is that it can help an employee fulfill their work duties.
Thus, members within oppressed groups can have diverse opinions and one can become dominant and further mute the others. Vivian displays more masculine qualities, resulting in the people at Harvard taking her seriously. Orbe  states, "in the past researchers have used a variety of terms to describe co-cultural communication: Almost all prominent authors, theorists, and scientists have historically been male.
Today there is greater demand for faculty to be on initiatives such as WS programs, African American Programs, and other programs focused on marginalized groups.
The sociologist, Sigmund Freud is broadly criticized by Friedan on his theory of feminine castration complex and the penis The muted group theory. The muted group theory was further studied by Cheris kramarae, a professor in women studies upheld the idea that, communication was started by men and due to that reason they take advantage of women.
A co-cultural approach" during the annual meeting of the Central States Communication Association in Cincinnati. African-Americans, but also contributes by assessing "how individual and small collectives work together to negotiate their muted group status.
The utility of co-cultural theory in communication and disabilities research" at the annual meeting of the Central States Communication Associationin Detroit.
The voices of the women and other unheard have been ignored and muted. Thus, women are often muted in terms of the topics they tend to cover. The primary difference between the two is "male-preferential" language consists of details such as opinions and facts whereas "female-preferential" language consists mainly of personal details, emotions reflected in the conversations, also there is a great use of adjectives in it.
Those different experiences are a result of men and women performing different tasks in society. All About Theories for Communication. In the case of women, this gets quite complicated as women are told to act in a certain manner, but when they do try and emulate their male counterparts, they are "discriminated" and "discouraged" for acting that way.
LGBT groups are considered marginalized and muted in our society. These male sources have the power to exclude words important to or created by women. The paper also oriented the directions of future research. Issues of ageism intersect with heterosexism when looking at how aging LGBT community members are silenced.
Their position was in the kitchen and at home while men had positions in industries and military. Greer presented a paper: Extension[ edit ] Although the muted group theory has been mainly developed as a feminist theory, it can also be applied to other silenced groups in society.
There is another character, Vivian, who is a much more serious counterpart to Elle.Muted Group Theory is an interesting concept in relation to ‘Legally Blonde’ since the film is more than definitely a feminist approach towards today’s society.
Legally blonde highlights that women are sometimes viewed as a Muted Group but with the rise of feminism in the film. Dec 02, · Our COM theory project. This feature is not available right now. Please try again later. The muted group theory, initially developed by Edwin Ardener and Shirley Ardener, focuses on the ways that the communication practices of dominant groups suppress, mute, or devalue the words, ideas, and discourses of subordinate groups.
According to the Muted Group Theory, interaction between dominant and subordinate groups is difficult because: Subordinate groups have to express themselves using the dominated group's code One way Hmong women.
Co-cultural communication theory was built upon the frameworks of muted group theory and standpoint theory. The cornerstone of co-cultural communication theory is muted group theory as proposed in the mid s by Shirley and Edwin Ardener.
Muted Group Theory focuses on the power to name experiences. How is the language of a particular culture limited in its ability to serve all members of that culture equally? .Download