The Balkans A map of the Balkans inshowing recent territorial changes and the extent of Ottoman rule A significant cause of European tension prior to World War I was continued instability and conflict in the Balkans. Otto von Bismarck hosted the peace conference, known as the Congress of Berlin.
The Balkans were a cluster of nations in eastern Europe, between the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires. This roused nationalist movements in the region.
President Bush, however, refused to use military force in the region and to some degree, I agree with his reasoning. There was no popular support for either side of the conflict in the United States.
The Powers were very worried, correctly as it turned out, that the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire could provoke a crisis that would lead to a general European war.
The strategic importance of Yugoslavia was lost with the breakup of the Soviet Union. The Serbs were the ones supplying the Bosnian Serb army and the Yugoslav army which was beating the Bosnian army into the ground. Austro-Hungarian generals began talking tough about Serbia. Much like most of the Eastern and especially Southeastern European nations, the economy was lackluster and uninviting to foreign investment.
This outline is very basic and most serious historians, even those of Balkan origin, qualify these points with numerous caveats.
This entire conversation is closely tied to the history of the development of Balkan nation-states. The two Balkan wars forced the Great Powers to revisit their foreign policy in the region — especially Russia, which was now dependent on Serbia as a buffer against Austro-Hungarian aggression.
By a rescript of Oct. Engaging the military in an operation in Yugoslavia would offer the same challenges that Viet Nam offered. Several Serb nationalist groups had formed in the early s and flourished for the next decade. Most of their activities revolved around political agitation or the production of anti-Austrian propaganda — but some also trained for and plotted acts of terrorism.
The British commander on the scene was bound by agreements and treaties to comply, and they were sent back into Yugoslav territory into the custody of the Partisan forces.
During this century Greece, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria all achieved independence from Ottoman rule. Grisly accounts followed one after the other of pogroms and ethnic cleansing in a dizzyingly complex, diverse part of the world that, for all the inefficiencies and injustices of Ottoman rule, had existed in relative multicultural harmony for centuries.
Britain was opposed to Russian expansion into the Mediterranean and the Middle East, so wanted the Ottoman Empire to remain intact for as long as feasible, to provide a buffer against the Russians. So Serb, Bulgar, and Greek nationalists, usually working with at least the tacit approval of their governments, tried to set up schools, clubs, and associations in Macedonia in an effort to convince the members of these institutions of their Serb, Bulgar, or Greek identity.
Undaunted, Serbia took advantage of a weakened Turkey after a conflict with Italy to increase its Balkan holdings, causing the eruption of a war between Serbia and Bulgaria inknown as the Third Balkan Crisis.Balkans Essay Since the region of the Balkans has been a place of dynamic change.
The region (excluding Greece) has been divided into two sub regions: the Western Balkans, consisting of Albania and the entities that emerged from the breakup of Yugoslavia—Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, and.
In the Balkans Wars of and the Powers managed to impose a settlement of sorts, but increasingly they saw themselves as being on opposing sides. By the time of the crisis ofthe kaiser and his ministers greeted British suggestions that the Great Powers work together to bring a peaceful solution with derision.
2. Their location made the Balkans strategically important, so European powers were focused on events there. 3. The Balkans were also politically volatile, a hotbed of ethnic and nationalist tensions. 4. The Balkans were disrupted by two wars inas well as rising Serbian nationalist groups.
5. Remembering and Inventing: A Short History of the Balkans. of the formation of the Yugoslav state and its constitutional and national crises are beyond the scope of this short essay. History of the Balkans, vol. II (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ), p.
. In this essay I will be focusing on the main causes of the First World War and I will be exploring this cause step by step, which it was began in early August The Great War was a military conflict that lasted from to which involved most of the world's great powers assembled in two opposing alliances.
A summary of Crises in the Balkans and the Road to Destruction () in 's Europe Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Europe and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.Download